How the interaction of software and hardware in future digitalized supply chains can look like is demonstrated by the IML with two prototypes. Already last year, the researchers presented the “Blockchain Device” for monitoring temperature-sensitive goods such as food, drugs or vaccines along global supply chains. It is a completely new development, from the computer hardware to the temperature sensor software to the blockchain client. Only nine millimeters high, it can be inserted into a standard container like a plug-in card. It features 5G-compatible communications, a high-resolution e-paper display, and an array of sensors (temperature, acceleration, location). This Internet-of-Things device enables real-time data collection and autonomous real-time control of supply chains. Position and sensor data document the seamless monitoring of the transport chain, including conditions that must be adhered to. In addition, the device is “IDS-ready”, i.e. prepared for implementation in the International Data Spaces.